In Matthew 23, Jesus denounced some of the Pharisees for their hypocrisy and pronounced upon them a succession of seven woes. The word "woe" means overwhelming sorrow or grief. Generally a woe was pronounced as a warning of impending calamity. Jesus, however, was not the only one of that time period who condemned the hypocrisy of the Pharisees.
In rabbinic literature, the sages list seven plagues of the Pharisees. It is also important to note, however, that in both the rabbinic literature and the words of Jesus there were some good things said about the Pharisees that were good and commendable. Jesus, for example, pointed out that the scribes and the Pharisees sat in "Moses’ seat," which was a position of religious authority. He also said that the people should observe what the Pharisees taught them (Matthew 23:2-3). He warned, however, "but do not ye after their works: for they say and do not" (Verse 3).
The Jerusalem Talmud describes seven kinds of Pharisees, five of which were hypocrites, and two were good. These may be the same as the seven types of extremist Pharisees described in the Jerusalem Encyclopedia: (1) The Shoulder Pharisee paraded his good deeds before men like someone wearing a badge on his shoulder. Jesus began His diatribe against the Pharisees by mentioning the shoulder (Matthew 23:4). (2) The Wait-a-little Pharisee would ask someone to wait for him while he performed some good deed. (3) The Blind Pharisee would bruise himself walking into a wall because he had to shut his eyes to avoid seeing a woman. (4) The Pestle Pharisee walked with hanging head so as to not observe some alluring temptations. (5) The Ever-reckoning Pharisee was always counting his good deeds to see if they offset his failures. The two good Pharisees were: (6) the God-fearing Pharisee, who was truly righteous, like Job, and (7) the God-loving Pharisee, who had a true affection for God, like Abraham.
(Moseley, Ron. Yeshua: A Guide to the Real Jesus and the Original Church. Hagerstown, MD: Ebed Publications., pgs 109-110)