Hebraic vs Western Thinking – A Comparison
Western: Life analyzed in precise categories
Hebrew: Everything blurs into everything else.
Western: A split between natural & supernatural
Hebrew: Supernatural affects everything.
Western: Linear logic
Hebrew: Contextual or "block" logic "
Western: "Rugged Individualism"
Hebrew: Importance of being part of group
Western: Equality of persons
Hebrew: Value comes from place in hierarchies
Western: Freedom orientation
Hebrew: Security orientation
Western: Competition is good
Hebrew: Competition is evil (cooperation is better)
Western: Man-centered universe
Hebrew: God/tribe/family-centered universe
Western: Worth of person based on money/material possessions/power
Hebrew: Worth derived from family relationships
Western: Biological life sacred
Hebrew: Social life supremely important
Western: Chance + cause & effect limit what can happen
Hebrew: God causes everything in his universe
Western: Man rules nature through understanding and applying laws of science
Hebrew: God rules everything, so relationship with God determines how things turn out.
Western: Power over others achieved through business, politics and human organizations.
Hebrew: Power over others is structured by social patterns ordained by God.
Western: All that exists is the material
Hebrew: The universe is filled with powerful spirit beings
Western: Linear time divided into neat segments. Each event is new
Hebrew: Cyclical or spiraling time. Similar events constantly reoccur
Western: History is recording facts objectively and chronologically
Hebrew: History is an attempt to preserve significant truths in meaningful or memorable ways whether or not details are objective facts.
Western: Oriented to the near future
Hebrew: Oriented to lessons of history
Western: Change is good = progress
Hebrew: Change is bad = destruction of traditions
Western: Universe evolved by chance
Hebrew: Universe created by God
Western: Universe dominated and controlled by science and technology
Hebrew: God gave man stewardship over his earthly creation. Accountability to God.
Western: Material goods = measure of personal achievement
Hebrew: Material goods = measure of God’s blessing
Western: Blind faith
Hebrew: Knowledge-based faith
Western : Time as points on straight line "at this point in time…"
Hebrew: Time determined by content "In the day that the Lord did…"